Film to Video transfer issues
Whats the difference, film and video?
Film is a series of recorded images that create a "motion picture" when projected with a light source in quick succession. Video is also a series of recorded images, but differs from film in that it is not projected with a light source but rather viewed on an electronic device such as a television or computer monitor. For example, you can hold a developed film to a light and see individual pictures whereas the pictures on a video can only be viewed with proper playback machine and a monitor.
|Example of developed film strip|| Example of video tape
|| Example of video disc|
What does film to video conversion mean?
Before video tape home movies were recorded on film, specifically: 16mm film, 8mm film and Super 8 film. Most of these home movie films were created between 1930 and 1970 and have survived the tortures of neglect in basements and attics. Less fortunate were the projectors required to view these home movie films. Therefore, a demand for 8mm film to video of home movies developed in the 1970's with the advent of the VCR and VHS video tape. Millions of feet of film were transferred from 8mm film to VHS video tape starting in the 1970's and more recently 8mm film to DVD in the 1990's. The latest trend in film to video conversion is now film to Blu-ray.
Of course film to video goes beyond home movies and encompasses all of the major motion pictures which are first filmed, then projected at your local movie theater and then released on DVD after a film to video transfer.
16mm and 8mm Film to Video challenges
Some of the challenges when converting 16mm and 8mm film to video include:
- Film and Video resolutions
- Film and Video brightness and contrast ranges
- Film and Video frame rates
- Aspect Ratio and HD cropping